This Issue

Type 2 diabetes: More children at risk for “adult” disease

Rising obesity rates partly to blame

Type 2 Diabetes in children: It’s a family affair

Is your child at risk for type 2 diabetes?

Q & A

A closer look

Signs and symptoms

Some children have no symptoms of type 2 diabetes, while others may experience:

• Increased thirst

• Frequent urination

• Increased hunger but loss of weight

• Blurred vision

• Fatigue

• Frequent infections or slow-healing sores

• Tingling in hands and feet

• High blood pressure or high cholesterol

• Areas of darkened skin

Signs & Symptoms

Need more information?

• Take Charge of Your Health!
A Teenager’s Guide to Better Health

• National Diabetes Education Program

• American Diabetes Association Planet D

Is it a dirty neck or a sign of diabetes?

The Disparities of Diabetes

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Is it a dirty neck or a sign of diabetes?

One of the signs of type 2 diabetes is increased pigmentation (acanthosis nigricans) in body folds and creases.

Common sites are armpits, groin and neck.

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A closer look

The pancreas, a tapered seven-inch long gland situated beneath the stomach, secretes a hormone called insulin, which plays a major role in the absorption of glucose into the cells of the body.

Glucose is a simple sugar that is released into the bloodstream after we eat and digest certain foods, particularly carbohydrates. Glucose provides fuel for the body. Just as cars run on gas, our bodies run on glucose. We are able to walk and run because glucose fuels our muscles. However, glucose cannot enter the cells without the assistance of insulin.

In type 2 diabetes, the body either does not make enough insulin or does not effectively use the insulin it produces. Sugar builds up in the blood, starving the cells of their much-needed energy, and causing potentially serious health complications.

Click here for a closer look at insulin