Issue
Risk factors for cervical cancer
HPV infections
Lack of regular Pap smears
Weakened immune system
Age
Cervical cancer is more common in women older than 40
Smoking
Sexual history
Sex at a young age
Sex with multiple partners
Sex with a man who has multiple partners
Chlamydia infection and other sexually transmitted diseases
Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) before birth